Government of India Detailed Overview
India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution. Sovereignty is shared between the centre and the state government, but the central government is given greater powers. The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union.
Real executive power vests in a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as head of government. The State resembles the federal system.
In the states, the Governor is the head of Executive, but real executive power vests with the Chief Minister who heads the Council of Ministers. The judicial setup of the country is headed by the Chief justice, who presides over one of the largest judicial apparatus dispensing criminal, civil and all other forms of litigation.
The government head of its legal wing is the Attorney General of India.
After the national elections are held the President calls the most suitable candidate to form the central government. Normally this candidate is the head of the largest party in the parliament. In case the central gov resigns because of any reason, the President can call the other candidate to form the next gov.
The President can also declare, according to govt advice, new elections and if necessary an emergency state. The President has the right to be updated about crucial govt matters and other rights like giving amnesty to prisoners etc.
According to the Constitution, elections are to be held once in every five years, unless the parliament dissolves earlier or, on the other hand, a state of emergency is declared, in which case parliament can continue for another year. ......continued